Food Safety Modernization Act
Produce Rule Resource Center
In January 2013 new federal laws overseeing fruits and vegetable food safety were issued as part of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). The California LGMA has been in place since 2007 as the best model to produce safe food because it establishes a culture of food safety on the farm. In 2018 the Produce Safety Rule, part of FSMA, goes into effect and LGMA members should know that if they are in compliance with the LGMA metrics (dated August 2017) they will be in compliance with the Produce Safety Rule.
Visit this page for the latest information on FDA’s proposed Produce Rule and how it will affect leafy green farmers.
If you have questions about the FSMA Produce Safety Rule, please feel free to contact LGMA CEO Scott Horsfall. email@example.com or 916.441.1240
LGMA Metrics have been updated to fully align with the Produce Safety Rule.
See the changes. >
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LGMA Metrics (08.2017) The metrics were updated so that they align with the FSMA Produce Safety Rule requirements.
FSMA Produce Safety Rule - issued September 2014
The New Produce Rule and the new Leafy Greens Industry.
What are the major elements of the FSMA Produce Safety Rule?
The FSMA Produce Safety Rule closely reflects the existing LGMA food safety model and includes specific standards for:
- Worker health, hygiene, and training
- Agricultural water, both for production and post-harvest uses
- Biological soil amendments (e.g., compost, manure)
- Domesticated and wild animals
- Equipment, tools, buildings, and sanitation
- Production of sprouts
When will the Produce Safety Rule go into Effect?
FDA has established a compliance date of January 26, 2018 for all sections of the PSR except the water rules, which have a compliance date of January 26, 2020.
When will my farm have to be in compliance with the Produce Safety Rule?
Most farms (those with over $500,000 in sales) must be in compliance with the produce rule on January 26, 2018. Smaller farms have one or two additional years (and of course, the smallest farms are either exempted or qualify for exemptions). The FDA has postponed the compliance date for the water section of the PSR for two additional years; large farms must be in compliance with that section by January of 2020.
Does the Produce Rule mean additional food safety requirements for LGMA members?
The LGMA updated it’s Food Safety Practices/ Metrics in August of 2017 so that the LGMA’s requirements align with the Produce Safety Rule. Once the new Metrics are included in the LGMA audit (April 1, 2018), compliance with the LGMA Metrics will provide compliance with the Produce Rule’s requirements.
Will the Produce Safety Rule result in additional inspections for LGMA members?
FDA has a cooperative agreement with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) to implement compliance verification of the Produce Safety Rule in the state of California. In order to carry out this mandate, CDFA intends to utilize existing programs like the LGMA as one of the means of verifying compliance. Since the LGMA is part of the CDFA, we are confident that verification of compliance with the new federal rules can be provided through the existing LGMA program.
Will I be required to pay any fees as a result of the Produce Rule?
Additional fees are not required in the Food Safety Modernization Act or the Produce Rule.
Some operations are exempt from the new laws. Who is exempt and why?
When it passed the Food Safety Modernization Act, Congress included an exemption for small farmers. The “ Tester amendment” exempts companies who sell locally and who sell less than $250,000 worth of product a year, with 51% of that or more going to local sales, from the requirement to comply with the food safety laws. In addition, the proposed produce rule offers additional classifications of very small and small companies who, while required to comply with the new rules, will be given more time to do so. In addition, FDA has exempted all farms that produce less than $25,000 in annual products.
What is the status of water testing requirements in the Produce Rule?
The compliance date for the water section of the Produce Safety Rule has been postponed until January 26, 2020.
In addition, FDA has indicated that it will be reviewing all of the reqrirements of the water section of the produce rule is under review by FDA. Once the rule was published, the agency received many comments from the produce industry expressing concerns about the water testing methodology mandated by the rule, the testing frequency and the use of generic e coli as an indicator organism, among other things. The FDA agreed to re-assess the water section of the rule, and to provide either new guidance or revised regulations on these issues. No timeline has been provided for this re-assessment.
What specific training is required under the Produce Safety Rule (PSR)?
The rule requires that at least one person from each farm “must have successfully completed food safety training at least equivalent to that received under standardized curriculum recognized as adequate by the FDA.” The Produce Safety Alliance (PSA) has developed the curriculum for this training. The one-day course is available through LGMA Tech and other providers, and all growers must receive the training to be in compliance with the Produce Safety Rule and (as of April 1, 2018) the LGMA Metrics.